Divorce feels as though everything you thought you knew about your life and your future has suddenly flipped upside down. It can be a struggle to make sense of the pieces that remain. It’s common to want to stay in the house and retain some semblance of normalcy. While it seems like you are clinging to stability by staying in the family home, be aware that it may also be a very costly mistake.
Now, let’s look at the big picture. A house is somewhere to live. It does not provide any income to support your lifestyle. If you and your spouse lived there for a long period of time, it’s highly likely that there is a fairly large chunk of equity trapped in those walls. If you are awarded the home in the divorce, it could be the largest asset in the settlement. Let’s assume the home has a market value of $400,000 and there is $300,000 in equity. As marital property, half of that equity is yours, but the other half is your spouse’s. So if you keep that home, then a full $300,000 of your settlement will be tied up in that property. That same money could generate over $13,000 a year in income if it were invested conservatively. We also haven’t considered the costs of upkeep and maintenance that will increase the income necessary for you to make ends meet.
But wait! There’s more. The potential tax impacts down the road could be staggering. If you were to sell the house while you were still married, the $300k capital gain would fall under the marriage exclusion of up to $500k and be tax-free. Once you transfer that home into your own name and wait too long to sell it, the gain of $300k only offers you an exclusion of up to $250k so you will owe capital gains tax on $50k of gain or $7,500. Did your attorney remember to take that into consideration in your settlement discussions? Yet one more reason I advocate for a mediated divorce with a financial neutral to help. There are strategies to employ to preserve excluding up to $500k in home sale capital gains after the divorce.
Divorce is difficult but you also have an opportunity for a fresh start and getting off on the right financial footing is essential to your future. To be certain that you understand all of the ramifications of any property settlement you are considering, bring a Certified Divorce Financial Analyst® (CDFA®) to shine the light onto some of these issues. You only have one chance to get your settlement right. Take the time to gather information and make sure you are doing the right thing. It will be the best decision you ever made.